On 8 April 2022, the Council adopted Decision (CFSP) 2022/578, amending Decision 2014/512/CFSP. It extends the list of controlled items which might contribute to Russia’s military and technological enhancement or the development of its defence and security sector. It introduces additional import restrictions on certain goods from Russia, in particular on coal and other solid fossil fuels. It also introduces further export restrictions to Russia, in particular on jet fuel and other goods. Decision (CFSP) 2022/578 also prohibits the award and continued execution of public contracts and concessions with Russian nationals and entities or bodies established in Russia. Decision (CFSP) 2022/578 imposes a prohibition on the provision of support, including financing and financial assistance or any other benefit, from a Union, Euratom or Member State programme to Russian publicly owned or controlled entities. Decision (CFSP) 2022/578 also extends the prohibitions on the export of euro-denominated banknotes and on the sale of euro-denominated transferrable securities to all official currencies of the Member States. Decision (CFSP) 2022/578 extends the exemption from the prohibition to engage in transactions with certain State-owned entities as regards transactions for the purchase, import or transport of fossil fuels and certain minerals into Switzerland, the European Economic Area and the Western Balkans. It is appropriate to extend the exemptions from the prohibition on transaction with certain Russian State-owned enterprises and their subsidiaries to countries in the European Economic Area and Switzerland as well as to the Western Balkans; the Union expects the swift and full alignment of all countries in the region with EU restrictive measures, including those concerning Russia’s actions destabilising the situation in Ukraine. Decision (CFSP) 2022/578 also introduces a prohibition for road transport undertakings established in Russia to transport goods by road in the Union, and prohibits access to ports to vessels registered under the flag of Russia. It introduces a prohibition on being a beneficiary, acting as a trustee or in similar capacities for Russian persons and entities, as well as a prohibition on providing certain services to trusts. These measures fall within the scope of the Treaty and, therefore, in particular with a view to ensuring their uniform application in all Member States, regulatory action at the level of the Union is necessary. Regulation (EU) No 833/2014 should therefore be amended accordingly.